R80. Earth Abides by George R. Stewart

About a year ago when I actually read and reviewed this book, we were not in the middle of a global public health crisis related to a virus. I've been trying to decide how to handle posting this review given what's currently going on, and have concluded that I'm going to issue it with this warning: Earth Abides deals with an apocalyptic scenario in which the majority of the population dies due to an unknown illness. You may not want to read about it at this time, but I will leave that up to you. Trust me, it felt a bit weird just typing up this post. -M.R.

Year Published: 1949
Pages: 345

First Sentence: ... and the government of the United States of America is herewith suspended, except in the District of Columbia, as of the emergency.


Review:
Earth Abides is an early version of the modern post-apocalypse novel, written and apparently set in 1949, a time around 70 years ago which would likely feel like the post-apocalypse to many young people today accustomed to modern conveniences, social attitudes, and population size. George R. Stewart imagines a world which has been mostly emptied of people, who have all been very orderly about dying in the proper place.

Let's get a bit more detailed, though. Our point of view character is Isherwood "Ish" Williams, lest we forget that people in the past gave their kids dumb names, too. He is a hyper-competent male protagonist in the mode of the late 1940s (see also Walden Two, which the very beginning of this book really reminded me of, in terms of tone if not content). Ish finds an old hammer, gets bitten by a rattlesnake, spends several days tossing in bed with snake venom and some other illness, and emerges to find that while he was away in the mountains, everyone in America besides a small handful of people died of a mysterious illness. Ish calls this the Great Disaster.

Ish is a San Franciscan, and he goes to his parents' home on San Lupo Drive. Of course they are not there, either in corporeal or corpse form. He concludes that he will survive, and here's why he thinks so:
1. Have will to live. Want to see what will happen in world without man, and how. Geographer.
2. Always was solitary. Don't have to talk to other people.
3. Have appendix out.
4. Moderately practical, though not mechanical. Camper.
5. Did not suffer devastating experience of living through it all, seeing family, other people, die. Thus escaped worst of shock.
He decides that, as a student of geography, he will observe and explore the aftermath of the Great Disaster. He gets in a car and drives to and from New York City. When he gets home, he remains lethargic for some time, until by chance he meets Em, the woman who will jolt him into action when there is no longer any notion of civilization left on the planet.

I liked this book even though it's extremely dated in a couple of ways, and also has a few flaws that I had a hard time with. It's almost more interesting to read about an old apocalypse than a new one. These characters have been taken out of a world that is already strange to me, and then dumped into a stranger one. Stewart writes well, although his prose does occasionally take on that Walden Two info dump quality. There are some awkward constructions and descriptive passages but without reading more of his work it's hard to tell whether that's Stewart or just his protagonist, who is such a tool most of the time.

Ish is often insufferable, frankly. He's the smug young white guy who would've become one of today's old white guys if it hadn't been for a plague killing everybody. His age at the beginning of the novel—20—means that he was too young to participate as a soldier in the Second World War, and also makes him about the same age as my grampa (who is no longer with us) would've been in 1949. This personal connection of sorts actually gave me a really good reference point for the book. The other interesting thing is that it allowed me to compare shy, academic Ish with my charismatic, social grandfather, and wonder what he would've been up to in this post-apocalypse. I have no doubt that he would've survived the Great Disaster, anyway.

All that being said, let's go over my three main issues with the book (at least one of which is a bit spoilery).
  • Racism! This is one of the really dated aspects of the book. Early on in Ish's cross-country drive, he meets a group of black people. These people are already living self-sufficiently and have adjusted to the new world order pretty well. Does Ish think he should stick around and learn from these people? No. He wonders whether he might set himself up as their king. There's some other gross stuff later, but this is the worst. I've chosen to imagine that these people would become a nucleus for a group that will eventually bring modern technology back to the planet, but whatever.
  • Ableism! This comes in later, and involves a character named Evie who is intellectually disabled, although it's unclear whether her disability was caused by the Great Disaster or not. Every time Evie is mentioned, it's in an extremely condescending way that neglects to consider her humanity.
    Was it for this, Ish thought with bitterness, that they had cared for Evie? Ezra had found her—dirty, groveling, and unkempt, living in filth with merely enough intelligence to open cans to feed herself on whatever they contained, without cooking or preparation. It would have been better, he had often thought, if they had merely put a can of sweet ant poison within her reach somewhere. As it was, they had cared for her through so many years, and she had certainly been no pleasure to them and probably no pleasure to herself. Their caring for her had been, he thought sometimes, merely a curious lingering of an old standard of humanitarianism.
    There are other aspects to this gripe as well but I'll leave them out for being too spoilery.
  • Things are way too easy! Again, this is too spoilery to get into as thoroughly as I'd like, but basically in my opinion the supply of canned food in this world defies belief. I will allow that there would almost certainly have been more canned food around in the 1940s than there is now, but even taking that into account I'm skeptical. This does end up tying in with what feels like a theme of the book, i.e. that people in the absence of civilization have no drive but that this is in tension with the fact that civilization distorts human behaviour and relationships. This is actually one of the most interesting things that the book suggests and I wondered a lot how true it might be.

There are some other things that are dated (e.g. the treatment of women in the book is... interesting) but I try not to get too picky about that sort of thing in old books, drawing the line between "hard to read" like the first two points above and "kinda what I expected."

I liked this book because I'm obviously the kind of person who is interested in where things came from, possibly moreso than where they're going, when it comes to art at least. It's interesting to read Earth Abides and see the things I've mentioned, as well as finding the seeds of everything from The Stand to The Walking Dead. If you're someone who prefers to see what the present has to say about a genre, I think that you can safely skip this.

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But centuries flowed by and then more of them, and many things changed. Man invented civilization, and was inordinately proud of it. But in no way did civilization change life more than by sharpening the line between work and play and at last that division came to be more important than the old one between sleeping and waking. Sleep came to be thought a kind of relaxation, and "sleeping on the job" a heinous sin. The turning out of the light and the ringing of the alarm clock were not so much the symbols of man's dual life as were the punching of the time clock and the blowing of the whistle. Men marched on picket lines and threw bricks and exploded dynamite to shift an hour from one classification to the other, and other men fought equally hard to prevent them. And always work became more laborious and odious, and play grew more artificial and febrile.
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Current Distractions, March 2020 Edition

My previous Current Distractions post seems so innocent now, with the coronavirus having taken centre stage in the world conversation over the past couple of weeks and disrupting a ton of stuff. I've already had to take one full weekend away from all internet (which was great, by the way!). I'm still working at a job and unfortunately still having to go in to an office every day to do so, but I'm glad to have that level of income and stability at least. I hope that if you're reading this you're healthy and doing well, or that it's several years after all of this and you don't even remember what I'm talking about. Who knows.

I do plan to still start some flowers growing indoors soon to be transplanted outside in May. And because I'm stuck at home whenever I'm not at work, I've been doing some baking and stuff which is always nice. Eating too many muffins, though.

Watching
The Boys (season 1)
Star Trek: Picard
Dr Stone
Castle Rock (season 2)
Tiger King
Love is Blind

Making
Still working on that scarf.

Swimming
The biggest life disruption I've dealt with due to the coronavirus so far is having to stop going swimming. I'd made it to 56.7km for the year before the pools shut down and I'm not sure when they'll be opening up again. I haven't managed to get into any sort of physical activity replacement for my swimming yet either, unfortunately. Once the pavement is drier, I'll definitely be out on my bike, though.

21. Henderson the Rain King by Saul Bellow

Year Published: 1959
Pages: 330
First Sentence: What made me take this trip to Africa?
Rating: 1/3 (don't bother)


Review:
So I actually think that Saul Bellow is a good writer. I didn't get along with Augie March and I didn't get along with Henderson the Rain King, but I don't think that has anything to do with the quality of the writing for either book.

Our rain king is Eugene Henderson, who inherited a fortune, fought in the Second World War, married twice (three fewer times than Bellow himself), raised pigs, and, in this novel, finds himself in Africa. I should note that everything is not necessarily in this order. What made him take the trip? A voice inside him whispering: I want.

Henderson begins travelling with friends but decides he needs to travel to the interior of the continent. He finds a guide, Romilayu, who brings him to the Arnewi, a group that raises cattle. The Arnewi have a problem, which is that the cistern they use to water their cattle is full of frogs. Henderson offers to solve this problem by setting off a bomb inside the cistern to kill the frogs so that they can be easily removed. The Arnewi agree to this plan and within no time he has actually exploded the whole cistern. He flees.

Next, Henderson and Romilayu travel to the territory of the Wariri. This is where the rain king shenanigans come in, as well as the lions that apparently show up on many version of the cover of the novel, including the Penguin edition that I read. However, it's also a third of the way through and that's where I like to end my summaries.

Henderson is an exceptionally well-realized character. He is someone who is wealthy but lacks culture, self-awareness, or the ability to assess the potential consequences of his actions for other people. He's impulsive and thinks very highly of himself. The characters around him are necessarily in the shadow of such a larger than life creation, but many of them are nevertheless well-developed, too, at least in terms of their behaviour, if not their motivations.

The book is also not the white saviour in Africa narrative that I was primed for by the title, thank God. Henderson is the butt of that particular joke. Aside from several unfortunate facts (i.e. the fact that I have to keep referring to "Africa" because the book isn't set in a particular country or territory, not even a fictional one; or the fact that Saul Bellow had never been to Africa when he wrote the book), this is a lot less racist than the premise might lead one to expect, and it's all down to our point of view character being the bit of a dolt that he is.

When I reviewed The Adventures of Augie March, I wrote a lot about how tired I already was of the whiny young white guy narratives of The List. These are a persistent problem, and Henderson the Rain King seems to be a critique of these even as it falls victim to the same problem. Henderson is a whiny older white guy, essentially in midlife crisis mode. He travels to Africa to find something, and it's ridiculous. His vanity causes him nothing but problems. And here's the thing, I feel like I've been mostly talking about this book positively but really it's just so boring. I had a hard time connecting with the blowhard millionaire at the centre of the book and having any interest in his problems. There are a few funny moments, and a few moments of truth, but overall his story didn't interest me.

Saul Bellow has some more pretty famous works but I'm pleased to say that this is his last book on The List and I don't plan to read any more of his work. If, on the other hand, you want to give a pretty decent author a try, I won't stop you this time.

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Her large, pure face was the same as ever. It would never be steady, but it was beautiful. Only she had dyed her hair. It was now orange, which was not necessary, and it was parted from the middle of her forehead like the two panels of a curtain. It's the curse of these big beauties sometimes that they are short on taste.
- - - - -
I am a nervous and emotional reader. I hold a book up to my face and it takes only one good sentence to turn my brain into a volcano; I begin thinking of everything at once and a regular lava of thought pours down my sides.
- - - - -
But maybe time was invented so that misery might have an end. So that it shouldn't last forever? There may be something in this. And bliss, just the opposite, is eternal? There is no time in bliss. All the clocks were thrown out of heaven.
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